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Number of covalent bonds that are possible for atoms of Silicon

How many covalent bonds are possible for atoms of Silicon?

4

It is interesting to know that Silicon atoms form covalent bonds and can crystallize into a regular lattice.  An atom of Silicon has 4 single covalent bonds.  The main point here is that a Silicon atom has four electrons which it can obviously share in covalent bonds with its neighbors.  It is important to understand that all the four electrons make bonds with 1 other electron each.  Keep in mind that Silicon atoms have four valence electrons which form crystal lattices in which substituted atoms can dramatically change the electrical properties.

This fact is verified on : October 16, 2013.





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